Sleep apnea – this is not harmless at all
These are serious sleep disorders where, when a person is sleeping, there is a repeated arrest of breathing (apnea) long enough so that oxygen and oxygen are increased in the blood and brain.
What are the symptoms?
Since symptoms occur during sleep, they should be described by someone who monitors the sleeping person.
The most common symptom is unpleasant snoring, followed by suffocating episodes, breathing pauses and sudden wakefulness. In severe cases, people have recurring attacks of suffocating snoring in sleep associated with obstructive choking both at night and during the day.
Gradually, these seizures interfere with work due to systemic sleep deprivation and increase the risk of complications. Prolonged sleep apnea can cause headaches, daytime drowsiness, mental retardation or heart and lung diseases where the lungs are unable to properly deliver oxygen to the body and remove carbon dioxide.
What are the reasons?
Sleep apnea can be obstructive or central.
Obstructive sleep apnea is due to impaired larynx and upper respiratory tract.
Central sleep apnea is associated with dysfunction of the brain that controls breathing.
Sometimes there is a combination of the 2 types. Often obstructive sleep apnea is exacerbated by central apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea usually has obese men when they sleep on their backs, much less often in women. Obesity combined with the aging process and other factors leads to narrowing of the upper respiratory tract.
Excessive alcohol consumption and pulmonary diseases such as emphysema may increase the risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea.
How is diagnosis diagnosed?
In the early stages, this condition is often diagnosed based on close relatives who describe his loud snoring or noisy breathing, followed by awakening from fear of suffocation during sleep, and a gradual increase in fatigue during the day. Diagnosis is best placed in a special laboratory. Such studies help physicians distinguish between the two types of apnea.
How is it treated?
Treatment is complex … One should not smoke, limit alcohol consumption and reduce weight. In case of snoring and frequent choking during sleep, do not drink soothing, soothing and other rejuvenating preparations.
In addition, it is important to change the position of the body during sleep: it should be sleeping on one side or on the stomach.
If these simple measures do not help, it is possible to use a device that is worn as an oxygen mask that delivers oxygen-enriched air through the nose and creates a constant positive pressure on the airways.
In rare cases tracheostomy is performed – a surgical procedure where the doctor forms a permanent opening in the trachea and inserts a tube. Sometimes other surgical procedures are done.